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Atlantic Yards

Atlantic Yards
is a development dedicated to building a new vision for downtown Brooklyn and creating an exciting new home for Brooklyn’s very own NBA franchise: the Brooklyn Nets. This development is not just about basketball. Atlantic Yards will be a dynamic mix of affordable, middle-income and market-rate housing, commercial offices, retail establishments and a boutique hotel surrounded by over 8 acres of beautifully landscaped publicly accessible open space. In order to blend masterful design with Brooklyn’s continuing growth and unique character, the developer, Forest City Ratner Companies (FCRC), has hired world-renowned architect Frank Gehry and landscape architect Laurie Olin to oversee the design of the development. Atlantic Yards is a $4 billion investment in Brooklyn's future. While it may mean different things to different people–a home, a job, a community resource, andentertainment venue–it will be something special for everyone. We invite you to learn more, and ask questions about what Atlantic Yards will mean to downtown Brooklyn.


Click Here to See the Community Benefits Agreement (CBA)

 
 


ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE

Bunyan I. Bryant Ph.D.


Environmental Justice
(EJ) is broader in scope than Environmental Equity. It refers to those cultural norms and values, rules, regulations, behaviors, policies, and decisions to support sustainable communities, where people can interact with confidence that their environment is safe, nurturing, and productive. Environmental justice is served when people can realize their highest potential, without experiencing the "isms" Environmental justice is supported by decent paying and safe jobs; quality schools and recreation; decent housing and adequate health care; democratic decision-making and personal empowerment; and communities free of violence, drugs, and poverty. These are communities where both cultural and biological diversity are respected and highly revered and where distributed justice prevails.

We must focus on the disproportionate exposure of environmental hazardous on people of color, less fortunate and low-income communities. People of color, less fortunate and low-income groups suffer more from toxic-induced or aggravated disease and sickness than their more affluent counterparts. Because the market system gives rise to the organization of American society and its distribution patterns, microbes and viruses are the last agents--not the first--to examine for causality. The first place to look is a the social structure in which wealth is accumulated. If the social root of health and disease is the way in which society is organized, then community clean-up, pollution control, and preventive measures are only temporary stop-gaps. If we want to deal effectively with health risks and exposures, we must also deal with the structural components of poverty and racism. 

 

NEW ATLANTIC YARDS UPDATE

Weeks covering June 21, 2010 through July 4, 2010

       This is an Atlantic Yards Construction Activities Two Week Look-Ahead. Please note the scope and nature of activities is subject to change based upon field conditions. All work has been approved by appropriate City and State agencies where required.

Click Here To Download

ATLANTIC YARDS UPDATE!

Weeks covering June 7, 2010 through June 20, 2010

           This is an Atlantic Yards Construction Activities Two Week Look-Ahead. Please note the scope and nature of activities is subject to change based upon field conditions. All work has been approved by appropriate City and State agencies where required.

Click Here To Download

NEW AYP UPDATE!

Weeks covering May 24, 2010 through June 6, 2010

This is an Atlantic Yards Construction Activities Two Week Look-Ahead. Please note the scope and nature of activities is subject to change based upon field conditions. All work has been approved by appropriate City and State agencies where required.

Click Here To Download

SUPPLEMENTAL REPORT TO ATLANTIC YARDS CONSTRUCTION UPDATE

Weeks of May 10, 2010 and May 17, 2010

         This is an Atlantic Yards Construction Activities SUPPLEMENTAL REPORT TO ATLANTIC YARDS CONSTRUCTION UPDATE. Please note the scope and nature of activities is subject to change based upon field conditions. All work has been approved by appropriate City and State agencies where required.

Click Here To Download

 

Atlantic Yards Construction Activities: Two Week Look-Ahead (Revised)

Weeks covering May 10, 2010 through May 23, 2010

This is an Atlantic Yards Construction Activities Two Week Look-Ahead. Please note the scope and nature of activities is subject to change based upon field conditions. All work has been approved by appropriate City and State agencies where required.

Click Here To Download

 

NEW AYP UPDATE!

Weeks covering May 10, 2010 and May 17, 2010

1.  This is an Atlantic Yards Construction Activities Two Week Look-Ahead. Please note the scope and nature of activities is subject to change based upon field conditions. All work has been approved by appropriate City and State agencies where required.

Click Here To Download

2.  This is an Atlantic Yards Construction Activities Interim Construction Staging Plan.  Please note the scope and nature of activities is subject to change based upon field conditions. All work has been approved by appropriate City and State agencies where required.

Click Here To Download

NEW AYP UPDATE!

Weeks covering April 12, 2010 and April 19, 2010

This is an Atlantic Yards Construction Activities Two Week Look-Ahead. Please note the scope and nature of activities is subject to change based upon field conditions. All work has been approved by appropriate City and State agencies where required.

Click Here To Download

NEW AYP UPDATE!

Weeks covering March 29, 2010 and April 5, 2010

This is an Atlantic Yards Construction Activities Two Week Look-Ahead. Please note the scope and nature of activities is subject to change based upon field conditions. All work has been approved by appropriate City and State agencies where required.


DOWNLOAD DRAFT TRAFFIC MITIGATION PLAN

Questions relating to this project may be addressed to:
Atlantic Yards Community Liaison Office
(866) 923-5315
communityliaison@atlanticyards.com

Office of the Atlantic Yards Ombudsman
Empire State Development Corporation
(212) 803-3233
atlanticyards@empire.state.ny.us

Click here to download the draft trafficmitigation plan.

NEW AYP UPDATE!

Weeks covering March 15, 2010 and March 22, 2010

This is an Atlantic Yards Construction Activities Two Week Look-Ahead. Please note the scope and nature of activities is subject to change based upon field conditions. All work has been approved by appropriate City and State agencies where required.

Atlantic Yards Groundbreaking for the Barclays Center

AtlanticYardsReport

NEW AYP UPDATE!

Weeks covering March 1, 2010 and March 8, 2010

This an Atlantic Yards Construction Activities Two Week Look-Ahead. Please note the scope and nature of activities is subject to change based upon field conditions. All work has been approved by appropriate City and State agencies where required.

Click Here To Download
 
SPECIAL NOTE:

This is an Atlantic Yards Construction Activities Two Week Look-Ahead. Please note the scope and nature of activities is subject to change based upon field conditions. In addition, during the utility work water shut offs may be required; these shuts downs are done under the oversight of DEP and property owners will be given advance notice. All work has been approved by appropriate City and State agencies where required.

In addition to the activities described below, noise attenuation and vibration monitoring measures are underway in connection with the Amended Memorandum of Environmental Commitments dated as of 12/21/09.  

NEW AYP UPDATE!

Weeks covering February 15, 2010 and February 22, 2010

This is an Atlantic Yards Construction Activities Two Week Look-Ahead. Please note the scope and nature of activities is subject to change based upon field conditions. All work has been approved by appropriate City and State agencies where required.


Click Here To Download


NEW AYP UPDATE REVISED!

Weeks covering February 1, 2010 and February 8, 2010

This is an Atlantic Yards Construction Activities Two Week Look-Ahead. Please note the scope and nature of activities is subject to change based upon field conditions. All work has been approved by appropriate City and State agencies where required.

Click Here To Download

NEW AYP UPDATE!

Weeks covering February 1, 2010 and February 8, 2010

This is an Atlantic Yards Construction Activities Two Week Look-Ahead. Please note the scope and nature of activities is subject to change based upon field conditions. All work has been approved by appropriate City and State agencies where required.

Click Here To Download

Community Notice - FifthAvenue

This is an Atlantic Yards Construction Activities Two Week Look-Ahead. Please note the scope and nature of activities is subject to change based upon field conditions. All work has been approved by appropriate City and State agencies where required.

Click Here To Download

NEW AYP UPDATE!

Weeks covering January 18, 2010 and January 25, 2010

This is an Atlantic Yards Construction Activities Two Week Look-Ahead. Please note the scope and nature of activities is subject to change based upon field conditions. All work has been approved by appropriate City and State agencies where required.

Click Here To Download


COMMUNITY NOTICE

Directional Changes on Fifth Avenue and Pacific Street

 Beginning on Tuesday, December 22, 2009, the following streets in Brooklyn will undergo directional changes: 

Fifth Avenue, between Atlantic Avenue and Flatbush Avenue, will become northbound only
Pacific Street, between Fifth and Sixth Avenues, will become two-way

These changes will accommodate utility upgrades underneath the intersection of Fifth Avenue and Pacific Street/Flatbush Avenue. Southbound traffic on the affected streets can use Sixth Avenue.

Advisory signs will be posted in advance of the closure and detour signs will be posted during the work. Traffic agents will be assigned to facilitate the flow of traffic and pedestrians. Local and emergencyvehicle access will be maintained on the affected streets at all times. City services will be maintained in the area at all times.

 Click Here To Download

 

 

NEW AYP UPDATE!

Feb 4, 2009

This is an Atlantic Yards Construction Activities Two Week Look-Ahead. Please note the scope and nature of activities is subject to change based upon field conditions. All work has been approved by appropriate City and State agencies where required.

Click Here To Download

NEW AYP UPDATE!

Dec 1, 2008

This is an Atlantic Yards Construction Activities Two Week Look-Ahead. Please note the scope and nature of activities is subject to change based upon field conditions. All work has been approved by appropriate City and State agencies where required.

Click Here To Download



 
 

GET INVOLVED!

 Tips for Greener Living

Learn more EASY WAYS to make a difference.

CLICK HERE

   
ENERGY SOURCES

  Nonrenewable

 

Energy sources are of two types: nonrenewable and renewable. Energy sources are considered nonrenewable if they cannot be replenished (made again) in a short period of time. On the other hand, renewable energy sources such as solar and wind can be replenished naturally in a short period of time.

 
Nonrenewable Basics

The four nonrenewable energy sources used most often are:


Nonrenewable energy sources come out of the ground as liquids, gases, and solids. Crude oil (petroleum) is the only commercial nonrenewable fuel that is naturally in liquid form. Natural gas and propane are normally gases, and coal is a solid.

Fossil Fuels Are Nonrenewable, but Not All Nonrenewable Energy Sources Are Fossil Fuels

Coal, petroleum, natural gas, and propane are all considered fossil fuels because they were formed from the buried remains of plants and animals that lived millions of years ago.

Uranium ore, a solid, is mined and converted to a fuel used at nuclear power plants. Uranium is not a fossil fuel, but is a nonrenewable fuel.

Electricity

 The energy sources we use to make electricity can be renewable or non-renewable, but electricity itself is neither renewable nor non-renewable.
 

Electricity Basics

Electricity Is a Secondary Energy Source
A hand unplugging an electrical appliance from an outlet

Source: Stock photography (copyrighted)

Compact fluorescent light bulbs use a fraction of the electricity as incandescent light bulbs to produce the same amount of illumination.
Energy efficient light bulb.

Source: Stock photography (copyrighted)

Electricity is the flow of electrical power or charge. It is both a basic part of nature and one of our most widely used forms of energy.

Electricity is actually a secondary energy source, also referred to as an energy carrier. That means that we get electricity from the conversion of other sources of energy, such as coal, nuclear, or solar energy. These are called primary sources. The energy sources we use to make electricity can be renewable or non-renewable, but electricity itself is neither renewable or nonrenewable.

Electricity Use Has Dramatically Changed Our Daily Lives

Before electricity became available over 100 years ago, houses were lit with kerosene lamps, food was cooled in iceboxes, and rooms were warmed by wood-burning or coal-burning stoves.

Many scientists and inventors have worked to decipher the principles of electricity since the 1600s. Some notable accomplishments were made by Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Edison, and Nikola Tesla.

Benjamin Franklin demonstrated that lightning is electricity. Thomas Edison invented the first long-lasting incandescent light bulb.

Prior to 1879, direct current (DC) electricity had been used in arc lights for outdoor lighting. In the late 1800s, Nikola Tesla pioneered the generation, transmission, and use of alternating current (AC) electricity, which can be transmitted over much greater distances than direct current. Tesla's inventions used electricity to bring indoor lighting to our homes and to power industrial machines.

Despite its great importance in our daily lives, few of us probably stop to think what life would be like without electricity. Like air and water, we tend to take electricity for granted. But we use electricity to do many jobs for us every day — from lighting, heating, and cooling our homes to powering our televisions and computers.

 Renewable

 Renewable energy sources including biomass, hydropower, geothermal, wind, and solar provide 7% of the energy used in the United States. Most renewable energy goes to producing electricity.
 
Renewable Basics

What Is Renewable Energy?

Renewable energy sources can be replenished in a short period of time. The five renewable sources used most often are:

What Role Does Renewable Energy Play in the United States?

The use of renewable energy is not new. More than 150 years ago, wood, which is one form of biomass, supplied up to 90% of our energy needs. As the use of coal, petroleum, and natural gas expanded, the United States became less reliant on wood as an energy source. Today, we are looking again at renewable sources to find new ways to use them to help meet our energy needs.

In 2008, consumption of renewable sources in the United States totaled 7.3 quadrillion Btu — 1 quadrillion is the number 1 followed by 15 zeros — or about 7% of all energy used nationally.

The Role of Renewable Energy Consumption in the Nation's Energy Supply, 2008
Image of pie chart: petroleum  37%, nuclear  9%, natural gas 24%, coal 23%, renewable 7%. Bar chart breakout of renewables: solar  1%, hydroelectric 34%, geothermal  5%, biomass  53%, wind   7%.
Click to enlarge »

Over half of renewable energy goes to producing electricity. About 9% of U.S. electricity was generated from renewable sources in 2008. The next largest use of renewable energy is the production of heat and steam for industrial purposes. Renewable fuels, such as ethanol, are also used for transportation and to provide heat for homes and businesses.

Renewable energy plays an important role in the supply of energy. When renewable energy sources are used, the demand for fossil fuels is reduced. Unlike fossil fuels, non-biomass renewable sources of energy (hydropower, geothermal, wind, and solar) do not directly emit greenhouse gases.

Why Don’t We Use More Renewable Energy?

In the past, renewable energy has generally been more expensive to produce and use than fossil fuels. Renewable resources are often located in remote areas, and it is expensive to build power lines to the cities where the electricity they produce is needed. The use of renewable sources is also limited by the fact that they are not always available — cloudy days reduce solar power; calm days reduce wind power; and droughts reduce the water available for hydropower.

The production and use of renewable fuels has grown more quickly in recent years as a result of higher prices for oil and natural gas, and a number of State and Federal Government incentives, including the Energy Policy Acts of 2002 and 2005.  The use of renewable fuels is expected to continue to grow over the next 30 years, although we will still rely on non-renewable fuels to meet most of our energy needs.

How Do We Measure Renewable Energy?

Each of the energy sources we use is measured, purchased, and sold in a different form. Many units of measurement are used to measure the energy we use.  Learn more about converting energy units in the Units and Calculators section. 

 Hydrogen

 Like electricity, hydrogen is a secondary source of energy. It stores and carries energy produced from other resources (fossil fuels, water, and biomass).
Hydrogen Basics

What Is Hydrogen?

Hydrogen is the simplest element. Each atom of hydrogen has only one proton. It is also the most plentiful gas in the universe. Stars like the sun are made primarily of hydrogen.

The sun is basically a giant ball of hydrogen and helium gases. In the sun's core, hydrogen atoms combine to form helium atoms. This process — called fusion — gives off radiant energy.

This radiant energy sustains life on Earth. It gives us light and makes plants grow. It makes the wind blow and rain fall. It is stored as chemical energy in fossil fuels. Most of the energy we use today originally came from the sun's radiant energy.

Hydrogen gas is so much lighter than air that it rises fast and is quickly ejected from the atmosphere. This is why hydrogen as a gas (H2) is not found by itself on Earth. It is found only in compound form with other elements. Hydrogen combined with oxygen, is water (H2O). Hydrogen combined with carbon forms different compounds, including methane (CH4), coal, and petroleum. Hydrogen is also found in all growing things — for example, biomass. It is also an abundant element in the Earth's crust.

Hydrogen has the highest energy content of any common fuel by weight (about three times more than gasoline), but the lowest energy content by volume (about four times less than gasoline).

Hydrogen Is an Energy Carrier

Energy carriers move energy in a useable form from one place to another. Electricity is the most well-known energy carrier. We use electricity to move the energy in coal, uranium, and other energy sources from power plants to homes and businesses. We also use electricity to move the energy in flowing water from hydropower dams to consumers. For many energy needs, it is much easier to use electricity than the energy sources themselves.

Like electricity, hydrogen is an energy carrier and must be produced from another substance. Hydrogen is not currently widely used, but it has potential as an energy carrier in the future. Hydrogen can be produced from a variety of resources (water, fossil fuels, or biomass) and is a byproduct of other chemical processes.

How Is Hydrogen Made?

Because hydrogen doesn't exist on Earth as a gas, it must be separated from other elements. Hydrogen atoms can be separated from water, biomass, or natural gas molecules. The two most common methods for producing hydrogen are steam reforming and electrolysis (water splitting). Scientists have discovered that even some algae and bacteria give off hydrogen.

Steam Reforming Is a Widely-Used Method of Hydrogen Production

Steam reforming is currently the least expensive method of producing hydrogen and accounts for about 95% of the hydrogen produced in the United States. This method is used in industries to separate hydrogen atoms from carbon atoms in methane (CH4). But the steam reforming process results in greenhouse gas emissions that are linked with global warming.1

Electrolysis Creates No Emissions but Is Costly

Electrolysis is a process that splits hydrogen from water. It results in no emissions, but it is currently an expensive process. New technologies are currently being developed.

Hydrogen can be produced at large central facilities or at small plants for local use.

How Much Hydrogen Is Produced in the United States?

About 9 million metric tons of hydrogen are produced in the United States annually, enough to power 20-30 million cars or 5-8 million homes. Most of this hydrogen is produced in three States: California, Louisiana, and Texas.

1. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Climate Change State of Knowledge.

Most Hydrogen Is Used in Refining, Treating Metals, and Processing Foods

Nearly all of hydrogen consumed in the United States is used by industry for refining, treating metals, and processing foods.

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is the primary user of hydrogen as an energy fuel; it has used hydrogen for years in the space program. Liquid hydrogen fuel lifts NASA's space shuttles into orbit. Hydrogen batteries, called fuel cells, power the shuttle’s electrical systems. The only by-product is pure water, which the crew uses as drinking water.

Hydrogen Fuel Cells Produce Electricity

Hydrogen fuel cells (batteries) make electricity. They are very efficient, but expensive to build. Small fuel cells can power electric cars. Large fuel cells can provide electricity in remote places with no power lines.

Because of the high cost to build fuel cells, large hydrogen power plants won't be built for a while. However, fuel cells are being used in some places as a source of emergency power, from hospitals to wilderness locations.

Portable fuel cells are being sold to provide longer power for laptop computers, cell phones, and military applications.

Hydrogen Use in Vehicles

Today, there are an estimated 200 to 300 hydrogen-fueled vehicles in the United States. Most of these vehicles are buses and automobiles powered by electric motors. They store hydrogen gas or liquid on board and convert the hydrogen into electricity for the motor using a fuel cell. Only a few of these vehicles burn the hydrogen directly (producing almost no pollution).

The present cost of fuel cell vehicles greatly exceeds that of conventional vehicles in large part due to the expense of producing fuel cells.

Hydrogen vehicles are starting to move from the laboratory to the road. The U.S. Postal Service, a package delivery company, a few park rangers, and a few private utility companies are also using hydrogen vehicles.

The Refueling Challenge

Currently, there are 58 hydrogen refueling stations in the United States, about half of which are located in California. There are so-called “chicken and egg” questions that hydrogen developers are working hard to solve, including: who will buy hydrogen cars if there are no refueling stations? And who will pay to build a refueling station if there are no cars and customers? 




 

   
 
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