Brooklyn Endeavor Experience
 
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ACORN

Brooklyn Voices
for Children


BUILD

DBNA

Faith in Action

NYSAMC

PHC



MISSION

Brooklyn Endeavor Experience (BEE)
seeks to improve the quality of our community by partnering with local businesses, community leaders and neighbors to work together to create a clean and safe place to live and work for future generations.  BEE is an advocacy and educational organization that is creating a new generation of green-minded young people. 

BEE is about being Green!



BROOKLYN ENDEAVOR EXPERIENCE, INC.

WISHES YOU SEASONS GREETINGS


Happy Holidays and THINK GREEN!





At this time of year, we’d like to stop and say thank you to

all the visitors we’ve had, and to those who’ve joined our cause.

 

While you’re shopping for loved ones in the next week or so,
we hope you’ll remember all the great organizations that
need your help in this challenging economic climate.

 

 

 WE WISH YOU A HAPPY, SAFE 
AND HEALTHY 2010 HOLIDAY SEASON!

WHAT DOES ENVIRONMENT MEAN TO BEE?

Environmental Concerns BEE Is Focused On!


In nature, the totality of surrounding conditions. The world around you is your environment: air, sun, ground, sky, house, woods -- whatever you live within is your environment

In mental health, it is the atmosphere and the conditions surrounding you, like a good home, how you were raised and the people who you were around that shaped or influenced the way you developed mentally as you grew up.

In computer science, it is the conditions under which one operates a computer, as it relates to the hardware, operating platform or operating system. In computer hardware, it is the area of a computer's memory used by the operating system and some programs to store certain variables to which they need to frequently access.

Environment is the interrelationship between human beings, their natural surroundings and the environment they create.

Being harmful to the environment means not treating it as nature intended. Such as landfills, factories and even so simple such as not throwing garbage in trash cans. Any action that is contrary to how nature intended is being harmful to the environment.

It means the place you live at like the whole world is an enviroment and we should look after it but we do not.

Meet the Board Members

Brooklyn Endeavor Experience Inc.

Ms Melvinia Harris

 
Ms. Melvinia Harris is currently retired from Verizon after 32 years of service. During that time she received my Bachelors Degree in Communications Arts. While being retired and living in Fort Greene since 1971 she has worked diligently with Delia Hunley-Adossa on several committees; AYP Community Benefits Agreement Committee with Forest City Ratner, Board Member of Brooklyn Endeavor Experience Inc., Environmental Committee, FATHC Youth Committee, former member of First Atlantic Terminal Housing’s Board of Directors as Treasurer, Member of the 88th Precinct Community Council and Campaign Treasurer for Delia M. Hunley-Adossa Campaign for City Council. Melvinia is also a community partner with the Kaboom Organization which designs and builds playground equipment in various communities. Melvinia intends to continue her volunteer work to support the growth of the Fort Greene/Clinton Hills/Atlantic Yards community, as well as, work with the Community Benefits Agreement Executive Committee. 

 

Sabaria Pittman

 

Sabaria works for Jennie A. Clarke Residence as a Program Coordinator.  Jennie A. Clarke Residence operates in cooperation with Hope Community, Inc.  They work with the Women In Need (WIN) program which provides two types of housing to homeless families: transitional shelters and permanent supported apartments with locations in Manhattan, Bronx and Brooklyn. Working with community groups and public agencies, the private sector and nonprofit organizations, WIN operates seven transitional residences with 643 family units where 2,500 people including more than 1,500 children sleep each night. 

 

She has served her community in various capacities, i.e., Sabaria has volunteered with the youth of the 88th Precinct Youth Council as a mentor, is one of the coordinators for various Brooklyn block association affairs in the summer organizing for the youth and families in need.  In addition, she is one of the coordinators of the HELP (Helping, Encourage, Leadership, Potential) Program with the 88th Precinct. 

 

Sabaria is steadfast and dedicated to all of her clients; she has successfully designed, planned and organizes various events for her client base, coordinating employment and training opportunities for many residents who come into her transitional housing residential program

Saadia is a member of the 88th Precinct Community and Youth Councils, and Treasurer of the Brooklyn Endeavor Experience, Inc.

 

 

Norma Maupins

 

Norma is currently working on a Master Of Divinity degree at Nyack College and a Master‘s degree in Business Administration.  She previously worked at the National Basketball Association with the Broadcasting and Television Division where she managed a $40 million budget for Extended Markets of NBA games for Regional Sport Networks, DirectTV and In Demand.  She also Managed, departmental special events during the NBA All-Star games, NBA Play-offs and NBA Drafts.  Ms. Maupins has worked on the Community Benefits Agreement Committee since its early stages and continues to work with Brooklyn Endeavor Experience, Inc. as the Secretary, and Youth Director, as well as, work with the Community Benefits Agreement Executive Committee on various issues as it relates to the Atlantic Yards project and other projects within the community. 

 

Ms. Maupins has over 25 years of business experience having worked with Well known organizations as Xerox, JP Morgan Chase (formerly Chemical Bank), Pfizer Pharmaceutical and the National Basketball Association.  In addition to this she has spent many years working with youth and youth organizations throughout the city.  She regularly volunteers her time with a Christian youth ministry teaching dance and mime and has also volunteered with organizations such as Youth at Risk, Habitat for Humanities and the Women’s Leadership Committee for Congresswomen Yvette Clark.

 

Saadia Z. Adossa

 

Saadia Z. Adossa she has served her community for at least 15 years; currently Saadia is employed as a Community Relations Deputy Director for the Kings County District Attorney's office. The Bureau assigns Community Specialists to specific areas and a neighborhood in Brooklyn and as a Community Relations Specialist Saadia serves as a liaison to the diverse residents and communities of Brooklyn. Her ability to network and bring together community folks and organizations is admirable.  Saadia is reliable and dedicated to all she encounters. She has successfully planned, organized and conducted events for the purpose of stopping crime, sphere heading employment and training opportunities for many Brooklyn residents.  One of the coordinators of the HELP (Helping, Encourage, Leadership, Potential) Program with the 88th Precinct, founder of Moving beyond a Criminal Record seminars in the KCDA Office, including many community and civic block associations functions, etc. 

 

Saadia is a member of the 77th Precinct and 88th Precinct Community and Youth Councils, Vice Chair of the Brooklyn Endeavor Experience, Inc., board member of CCM, and Vice Chair of the Coalition against Guns, Drugs and Violence.  Saadia community volunteerism and activism is part of her everyday life she is the daughter of Delia Hunley-Adossa and has been actively involved in the community all of her life.

  

Dequi Kioni-Sadiki

 

 

Paula Ezeigwe

 

 

Delia Hunley-Adossa

Delia Hunley-Adossa better known as “Dee” was born in the Fort Greene section of Brooklyn. She attended Saint Angela Academy and later attended the Brooklyn campus of Long Island University, where she majored in Business. With the knowledge she obtained, Delia founded and became the sole proprietor of Zaire, Incorporated Security. From the very beginning Delia felt a need to get involved in community activities. Delia has been the President of the 88th Precinct Community & Youth Council and 88th Precinct Youth Executive Director for the past ten years, President of the Board of Directors at the First Atlantic Terminal Housing Corporation, Chairperson of the Community Benefits Agreement Coalition, Founder and CEO/Executive Director of the Brooklyn Endeavor Experience, Inc. (BEE, Inc.), an environmental group established December 31, 2005, member of the Board of Directors for the Boys and Girls Club of America, board member of Community Counseling & Mediation (CCM) working with at-risk children, adolescents, and families to overcome their personal obstacles, member of the National H.I.R.E. (Helping Individuals with criminal records Re-enter through Employment) Network,  and a member of Community Board Two Health Environment and Social Services Committee, and former member of the Neighborhood Advisory Board.  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

OUR HISTORY

In 1992, a group of friends were eager to tackle the many challenges facing Brooklyn. Like many other caring Brooklynites they searched for an organization offering flexible, hands-on volunteer opportunities. The group took on projects such as board membership with the First Atlantic Terminal Housing Committee (FATHC), becoming Executive Board members and members of the 88th Precinct Council, youth council volunteers, members of neighborhood advisory boards and various other community based organizations.

The FATHC was formed to bring the community’s voice to the decision-making table for future Brooklyn developments like never before. The Atlantic Yards Project is one of many projects that the developer, Forest City Ratner has completed in the Fort Green Clinton Hill community. Political officials and other leaders were entrusted to represent the community, but the results were minimal. The First Atlantic Terminal Housing Committee was involved with the formulation of the Atlantic Yards Community Benefits Agreement (CBA) and once acclimated with the development, decided to remain involved.

FATHC eventually became Brooklyn Endeavor Experience Incorporated (BEE) in an effort to broaden the scope of its work and have a greater impact on the Brooklyn community. BEE was incorporated in 2005 and received tax-exempt status in July 2008. BEE remains a community partner for the Atlantic Yards Project and runs youth programs including Safe Places to Learn and Grow to promote environmental awareness among young people. Our mission is to improve the quality of our community by partnering with local businesses, community leaders and neighbors to work together to create a clean and safe place to live and work for future generations.

MEET THE EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR & FOUNDER

Brooklyn Endeavor Experience Inc.

Delia “Dee” Hunley-Adossa 
Executive Director


Delia Hunley-Adossa better known as “Dee” was born in the Fort Greene section of Brooklyn. She attended Saint Angela Academy and later attended the Brooklyn campus of Long Island University, where she majored in Business. With the knowledge she obtained, Delia founded and became the sole proprietor of Zaire, Incorporated Security. From the very beginning Delia felt a need to get involved in community activities. Delia has been the President of the 88th Precinct Community & Youth Council and 88th Precinct Youth Executive Director for the past nine years, President of the Board of Directors at the First Atlantic Terminal Housing Corporation, former Treasurer of the Board of Directors at the North Crown Heights Family Outreach Center Inc., Chairperson of the Community Benefits Agreement Coalition, Executive Director of the Brooklyn Endeavor Experience, Inc. (BEE, Inc.), an environmental group established December 31, 2005, Executive Board member of NYSAMC, on the Board of Directors for the Boys and Girls Club of America, board member of Community Counseling & Mediation (CCM) working with at-risk children, adolescents, and families to overcome their personal obstacles, member of the National H.I.R.E. (Helping Individuals with criminal records Re-enter through Employment) Network,National Organization for Black Law Executives (NOBLE) member, NY State Licensed Chaplain L.A.C.A., board member of the Coalition Against Guns, Drugs and Violence, and a member of Community Board Two on the Health, Environment and Social Services Committee, and former member of the Neighborhood Advisory Board.

It is through Delia’s community involvement that she has become known for her integrity to the Fort Greene/Clinton Hill community and beyond. She has received numerous awards for her hard her work and dedication. Delia has been instrumental in establishing numerous community based programs for the youth and senior citizens. She is directly responsible for the developing and coordinating the 88th Precinct Youth/After School Program, 8-week Summer Youth Program, Senior Trips, and Thanksgiving Luncheon. These programs have greatly improved the quality of life for the community as well as enhance police/community relations. The continuation of the Community Council programs is essential in maintaining the quality of life in the community and sustainability. The program that Delia is most recognized for is the HELP (Helping Encourage Leadership Potential) Program. The HELP Program identifies youth that have engaged in socially deviant behavior. The goal of the program is to impart positive social values to the youth in the community. In addition, the HELP Program encourages the development of leadership potential through volunteerism, positive role models and peer motivation. These programs would not have been possible without the direct involvement and leadership of Delia.

Delia enjoys people, is a computer enthusiast, very fond of sports, and despite her demanding work schedule, still finds time to spend with her FAMILY who is very supportive and loving. Delia operates under the principles of openness and fairness. She accepts as true that “Greatness is not what you achieve, it is what you inspire others to achieve”. She believes that “we as individuals compliment each other, when we work as a team” and that our strength is shown in the things we stand for; our weakness is shown in the things we fall for.” It is these beliefs that make Delia Hunley-Adossa “Dee” an asset to the people of Fort Greene/Clinton Hills and Prospect/Crown Heights Community and Brooklyn.

PARTNERS

ACORN


ACORN is the nation’s largest grassroots community organization of low- and moderate-income people with over 400,000 member families organized into more than 1,200 neighborhood chapters in 110 cities across the country. Since 1970, ACORN has been building community organizations that are committed to social and economic justice, and won victories on thousands of issues of concern to our members, through direct action, negotiation, legislative advocacy and voter participation. ACORN helps those who have historically been locked out become powerful players in our democratic system.
 
Brooklyn Voices for Children

 

BUILD


BUILD is an organization committed to supporting development as a means of creating economic opportunities to promote financial self-sufficiency and prosperity in socio-economically depressed communities. 

 
DBNA
The DBNA will form and facilitate a Community Facilities and Amenities Council to establish an ongoing mechanism for community input to achieve its objectives.
 
Faith in Action
Faith in Action brings together people of many faiths to help their neighbors in need. Faith in Action volunteers shop, cook, drive or just check in on the millions of Americans with long-term health needs.
 
NYSAMC

The New York State Chapter of the National Association of Minority Contractors [NYSAMC], which is located in the Brooklyn Navy Yard, is a non-profit corporation with the mission of advancing and promoting the mutual interests of minority and women contracting firms based in the State of New York. NYSAMC is the NYS Chapter of the National Association of Minority Contractors, which is headquartered in Washington DC.
 
PHC
PHC will form and facilitate a Public Housing Council to establish an ongoing mechanism for community input to achieve its goals of inclusion of NYCHA Residents.
 


 
 

GET INVOLVED!

 Tips for Greener Living

Learn more EASY WAYS to make a difference.

CLICK HERE

   
ENERGY SOURCES

  Nonrenewable

 

Energy sources are of two types: nonrenewable and renewable. Energy sources are considered nonrenewable if they cannot be replenished (made again) in a short period of time. On the other hand, renewable energy sources such as solar and wind can be replenished naturally in a short period of time.

 
Nonrenewable Basics

The four nonrenewable energy sources used most often are:


Nonrenewable energy sources come out of the ground as liquids, gases, and solids. Crude oil (petroleum) is the only commercial nonrenewable fuel that is naturally in liquid form. Natural gas and propane are normally gases, and coal is a solid.

Fossil Fuels Are Nonrenewable, but Not All Nonrenewable Energy Sources Are Fossil Fuels

Coal, petroleum, natural gas, and propane are all considered fossil fuels because they were formed from the buried remains of plants and animals that lived millions of years ago.

Uranium ore, a solid, is mined and converted to a fuel used at nuclear power plants. Uranium is not a fossil fuel, but is a nonrenewable fuel.

Electricity

 The energy sources we use to make electricity can be renewable or non-renewable, but electricity itself is neither renewable nor non-renewable.
 

Electricity Basics

Electricity Is a Secondary Energy Source
A hand unplugging an electrical appliance from an outlet

Source: Stock photography (copyrighted)

Compact fluorescent light bulbs use a fraction of the electricity as incandescent light bulbs to produce the same amount of illumination.
Energy efficient light bulb.

Source: Stock photography (copyrighted)

Electricity is the flow of electrical power or charge. It is both a basic part of nature and one of our most widely used forms of energy.

Electricity is actually a secondary energy source, also referred to as an energy carrier. That means that we get electricity from the conversion of other sources of energy, such as coal, nuclear, or solar energy. These are called primary sources. The energy sources we use to make electricity can be renewable or non-renewable, but electricity itself is neither renewable or nonrenewable.

Electricity Use Has Dramatically Changed Our Daily Lives

Before electricity became available over 100 years ago, houses were lit with kerosene lamps, food was cooled in iceboxes, and rooms were warmed by wood-burning or coal-burning stoves.

Many scientists and inventors have worked to decipher the principles of electricity since the 1600s. Some notable accomplishments were made by Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Edison, and Nikola Tesla.

Benjamin Franklin demonstrated that lightning is electricity. Thomas Edison invented the first long-lasting incandescent light bulb.

Prior to 1879, direct current (DC) electricity had been used in arc lights for outdoor lighting. In the late 1800s, Nikola Tesla pioneered the generation, transmission, and use of alternating current (AC) electricity, which can be transmitted over much greater distances than direct current. Tesla's inventions used electricity to bring indoor lighting to our homes and to power industrial machines.

Despite its great importance in our daily lives, few of us probably stop to think what life would be like without electricity. Like air and water, we tend to take electricity for granted. But we use electricity to do many jobs for us every day — from lighting, heating, and cooling our homes to powering our televisions and computers.

 Renewable

 Renewable energy sources including biomass, hydropower, geothermal, wind, and solar provide 7% of the energy used in the United States. Most renewable energy goes to producing electricity.
 
Renewable Basics

What Is Renewable Energy?

Renewable energy sources can be replenished in a short period of time. The five renewable sources used most often are:

What Role Does Renewable Energy Play in the United States?

The use of renewable energy is not new. More than 150 years ago, wood, which is one form of biomass, supplied up to 90% of our energy needs. As the use of coal, petroleum, and natural gas expanded, the United States became less reliant on wood as an energy source. Today, we are looking again at renewable sources to find new ways to use them to help meet our energy needs.

In 2008, consumption of renewable sources in the United States totaled 7.3 quadrillion Btu — 1 quadrillion is the number 1 followed by 15 zeros — or about 7% of all energy used nationally.

The Role of Renewable Energy Consumption in the Nation's Energy Supply, 2008
Image of pie chart: petroleum  37%, nuclear  9%, natural gas 24%, coal 23%, renewable 7%. Bar chart breakout of renewables: solar  1%, hydroelectric 34%, geothermal  5%, biomass  53%, wind   7%.
Click to enlarge »

Over half of renewable energy goes to producing electricity. About 9% of U.S. electricity was generated from renewable sources in 2008. The next largest use of renewable energy is the production of heat and steam for industrial purposes. Renewable fuels, such as ethanol, are also used for transportation and to provide heat for homes and businesses.

Renewable energy plays an important role in the supply of energy. When renewable energy sources are used, the demand for fossil fuels is reduced. Unlike fossil fuels, non-biomass renewable sources of energy (hydropower, geothermal, wind, and solar) do not directly emit greenhouse gases.

Why Don’t We Use More Renewable Energy?

In the past, renewable energy has generally been more expensive to produce and use than fossil fuels. Renewable resources are often located in remote areas, and it is expensive to build power lines to the cities where the electricity they produce is needed. The use of renewable sources is also limited by the fact that they are not always available — cloudy days reduce solar power; calm days reduce wind power; and droughts reduce the water available for hydropower.

The production and use of renewable fuels has grown more quickly in recent years as a result of higher prices for oil and natural gas, and a number of State and Federal Government incentives, including the Energy Policy Acts of 2002 and 2005.  The use of renewable fuels is expected to continue to grow over the next 30 years, although we will still rely on non-renewable fuels to meet most of our energy needs.

How Do We Measure Renewable Energy?

Each of the energy sources we use is measured, purchased, and sold in a different form. Many units of measurement are used to measure the energy we use.  Learn more about converting energy units in the Units and Calculators section. 

 Hydrogen

 Like electricity, hydrogen is a secondary source of energy. It stores and carries energy produced from other resources (fossil fuels, water, and biomass).
Hydrogen Basics

What Is Hydrogen?

Hydrogen is the simplest element. Each atom of hydrogen has only one proton. It is also the most plentiful gas in the universe. Stars like the sun are made primarily of hydrogen.

The sun is basically a giant ball of hydrogen and helium gases. In the sun's core, hydrogen atoms combine to form helium atoms. This process — called fusion — gives off radiant energy.

This radiant energy sustains life on Earth. It gives us light and makes plants grow. It makes the wind blow and rain fall. It is stored as chemical energy in fossil fuels. Most of the energy we use today originally came from the sun's radiant energy.

Hydrogen gas is so much lighter than air that it rises fast and is quickly ejected from the atmosphere. This is why hydrogen as a gas (H2) is not found by itself on Earth. It is found only in compound form with other elements. Hydrogen combined with oxygen, is water (H2O). Hydrogen combined with carbon forms different compounds, including methane (CH4), coal, and petroleum. Hydrogen is also found in all growing things — for example, biomass. It is also an abundant element in the Earth's crust.

Hydrogen has the highest energy content of any common fuel by weight (about three times more than gasoline), but the lowest energy content by volume (about four times less than gasoline).

Hydrogen Is an Energy Carrier

Energy carriers move energy in a useable form from one place to another. Electricity is the most well-known energy carrier. We use electricity to move the energy in coal, uranium, and other energy sources from power plants to homes and businesses. We also use electricity to move the energy in flowing water from hydropower dams to consumers. For many energy needs, it is much easier to use electricity than the energy sources themselves.

Like electricity, hydrogen is an energy carrier and must be produced from another substance. Hydrogen is not currently widely used, but it has potential as an energy carrier in the future. Hydrogen can be produced from a variety of resources (water, fossil fuels, or biomass) and is a byproduct of other chemical processes.

How Is Hydrogen Made?

Because hydrogen doesn't exist on Earth as a gas, it must be separated from other elements. Hydrogen atoms can be separated from water, biomass, or natural gas molecules. The two most common methods for producing hydrogen are steam reforming and electrolysis (water splitting). Scientists have discovered that even some algae and bacteria give off hydrogen.

Steam Reforming Is a Widely-Used Method of Hydrogen Production

Steam reforming is currently the least expensive method of producing hydrogen and accounts for about 95% of the hydrogen produced in the United States. This method is used in industries to separate hydrogen atoms from carbon atoms in methane (CH4). But the steam reforming process results in greenhouse gas emissions that are linked with global warming.1

Electrolysis Creates No Emissions but Is Costly

Electrolysis is a process that splits hydrogen from water. It results in no emissions, but it is currently an expensive process. New technologies are currently being developed.

Hydrogen can be produced at large central facilities or at small plants for local use.

How Much Hydrogen Is Produced in the United States?

About 9 million metric tons of hydrogen are produced in the United States annually, enough to power 20-30 million cars or 5-8 million homes. Most of this hydrogen is produced in three States: California, Louisiana, and Texas.

1. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Climate Change State of Knowledge.

Most Hydrogen Is Used in Refining, Treating Metals, and Processing Foods

Nearly all of hydrogen consumed in the United States is used by industry for refining, treating metals, and processing foods.

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is the primary user of hydrogen as an energy fuel; it has used hydrogen for years in the space program. Liquid hydrogen fuel lifts NASA's space shuttles into orbit. Hydrogen batteries, called fuel cells, power the shuttle’s electrical systems. The only by-product is pure water, which the crew uses as drinking water.

Hydrogen Fuel Cells Produce Electricity

Hydrogen fuel cells (batteries) make electricity. They are very efficient, but expensive to build. Small fuel cells can power electric cars. Large fuel cells can provide electricity in remote places with no power lines.

Because of the high cost to build fuel cells, large hydrogen power plants won't be built for a while. However, fuel cells are being used in some places as a source of emergency power, from hospitals to wilderness locations.

Portable fuel cells are being sold to provide longer power for laptop computers, cell phones, and military applications.

Hydrogen Use in Vehicles

Today, there are an estimated 200 to 300 hydrogen-fueled vehicles in the United States. Most of these vehicles are buses and automobiles powered by electric motors. They store hydrogen gas or liquid on board and convert the hydrogen into electricity for the motor using a fuel cell. Only a few of these vehicles burn the hydrogen directly (producing almost no pollution).

The present cost of fuel cell vehicles greatly exceeds that of conventional vehicles in large part due to the expense of producing fuel cells.

Hydrogen vehicles are starting to move from the laboratory to the road. The U.S. Postal Service, a package delivery company, a few park rangers, and a few private utility companies are also using hydrogen vehicles.

The Refueling Challenge

Currently, there are 58 hydrogen refueling stations in the United States, about half of which are located in California. There are so-called “chicken and egg” questions that hydrogen developers are working hard to solve, including: who will buy hydrogen cars if there are no refueling stations? And who will pay to build a refueling station if there are no cars and customers? 




 

   
 
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